ECERTA Project
Title :
Investigators :
Sponsor :
Enabling Certification by Analysis
Marques, S., Timme, S., and Badcock, K.J.
Khodaparast, H.H., Prandina, M., and Mottershead, J.E.
European Commission 6th Framework Programme
Open Source Fighter
Introduction
The Open Source Fighter configuration results from the efforts of trying to build a realistic size aeroelastic test case. The geometry is based on publicly available data for the F16. The F16 has a documented history of exhibiting LCOs for certain configurations at specific flight conditions. This prompts a significant research effort using this configuration.
Based on published data, the wing geometry was modified to produce similar aerodynamic characteristics to the F16 (see figures 3 and 4). A structural model was also developed under the same approach: using finite model updating techniques and publicly available data from GVT, it was possible to construct a finite element model resembling specific natural frequencies.
Further details on the files available here are described in the following document (guide to files)
Variability Study
For the Open Source Fighter, six parameters were used to represent the structural variability. Due to the size of the model, MC analysis is not viable; instead interval analysis was the main tool to study the impact of variability on the onset of flutter. The structural model is made up of the fuselage and three regions along the wing span: root, middle (pylon) and tip; all these components have specific material characteristics, obtained from the finite element model updating procedure. To decrease the total number of parameters used in the variability study, a sensitivity analysis was performed and the following parameters were found to have the most significant impact on the onset of flutter:
Parameter 
Nominal Value 
Allowed Variation 

Store Spring Coefficient 
2x10^{6} 
+/15% 
Young's Modulus  Root 
157.3 GPa 
+/10% 
Young's Modulus  Middle 
96.7 GPa 
+/10% 
Material Density  Root 
5680 kg/m^{3} 
+/10% 
Material Density  Middle 
3780 kg/m^{3} 
+/10% 
Material Density  Tip 
3780 kg/m^{3} 
+/10% 
MSC.Nastran and CFD Based Results
Mode 1 
Mode 2 
Mode 3 
Mode 4 


Updated FE Model 
3.74 (h_{1}) 
5.91 (p_{1}) 
8.12 (y_{1}) 
11.0 (hp) 
GVT 
4.04 (h_{1}) 
5.35 (p_{1}) 
8.12 (y_{1}) 
12.2 (h_{2}) 
Results from structural finite element model updating. The term h_{i} indicates the i^{th} bending mode; p_{1} indicates the pitch+torsion mode; y_{1} indicates the yaw mode, and hp indicates the bending+pitch mode.
References
Conference Papers
Marques, S., Badcock, K.J., Khodaparast, H.H., and Mottershead, J.E., "CFD Based Aeroelastic Stability Predictions Under the Influence of Structural Variability," 50th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Palm Springs, California, 47 May 2009.
AIAA Paper 20092324Marques, S., Khodaparast, H.H., Badcock, K.J., and Mottershead, J.E., "Transonic Flutter Predictions for a Generic Fighter Configuration," International Workshop on FluidStructure Interaction, Kassel University Press, Germany, 2009.